The Exchange: The BHC Weblog


At its recent meeting, the Business History Conference awarded the Hagley Prize for the best book in business history to David Suisman, for his Selling Sounds:The Commercial Revolution in American Music (Harvard University Press, 2009). You can read or hear an interview with Suisman about the book on American Public Media's Marketplace.

Bethany Moreton of the University of Georgia has won the Frederick Jackson Turner Prize of the Organization of American Historians for her book, To Serve God and Wal-Mart: The Making of Christian Free Enterprise. Professor Moreton was a member of the local arrangements committee for the 2010 BHC meeting in Athens, Georgia.

The Centre for Regulation and Market Analysis at the University of South Australia in Adelaide will be holding its first business history conference on July 7-9, 2010. The CRMS describes the conference as a forum to showcase the latest in business history research from distinguished scholars currently studying the field. Plenary speakers, whose names will be familiar to many BHC members, include Joost Dankers, Susanna Fellman, Leslie Hannah, Will Hausman, Philip Scranton, and John Wilson. For more information, please visit the CRMS conference website.

The topic of the January 2010 issue of the OAH Magazine of History is “Business History.” As former BHC president Pamela Laird suggests in her foreword, readers might consider “how familiar the world of business—including advertising—is to students and yet how rarely we think about that subject in historical terms.” Articles include:

FOREWORD
Bringing in Business History Front and Center
Pamela Walker Laird

ARTICLES
Classic Issues and Fresh Themes in Business History
Philip Scranton

American Manufacturing, 1850-1930: A Business History Approach
Mansel Blackford

Business History in the Teaching American History Program
Stuart D. Hobbs

Newspapers, Radio, and the Business of Media in the United States
Michael Stamm

Selling Black Beauty: African American Modeling Agencies and Charm Schools in Postwar America
Malia McAndrew

Robert Noyce, Silicon Valley, and the Teamwork Behind the High-Technology Revolution
Leslie Berlin

Although full access requires a subscription, the extensive teaching tools are freely available.

At its recent annual meeting, the BHC published the call for papers for the 2011 meeting, which will be held in St. Louis, Missouri, from March 31 to April 2. As the call for papers explains,

our 2011 annual meeting takes "Knowledge" as its theme. Knowledge embraces, but is not confined to, the human capital generated and sustained by entrepreneurs, middle managers, and technical professionals; the tacit knowledge of clerks and factory workers; the cultural messages broadcast by advertisers and public relations professionals; the learning paths of institutions that contribute to the generation, circulation, and preservation of knowledge; the intellectual history of constructs like the "knowledge economy"; and the relationship of knowledge-generating economic institutions to government, the professions, and communications networks.

The Program Chair for 2011 is Mark R. Wilson of the University of North Carolina, Charlotte; the deadline for proposals is October 1, 2010. For further information, please read the full call for papers.

The German Historical Institute in Washington, DC, is launching a collaborative research project entitled "Immigrant Entrepreneurship: The German-American Business Biography, 1720 to the Present." The finished product will consist of a published collection of biographical essays as well as a website that will provide research essays, primary source documents, and statistical data. The GHI-DC is currently seeking contributors for both biographical articles and contextual essays; those interested should contact the Institute at Entrepreneurship@ghi-dc.org.






<view.title.escaped></view.title.escaped>

/*












































































description="Sharing background color"
type="color"
default="$(body.background.color)" value="#ffffff"/>
type="color"
default="$(feed.button.color)" value="#161e5e"/>
description="Sharing icons color"
type="color"
default="$(sharing.text.color)" value="#161e5e"/>



































*/

body{
overflow-wrap:break-word;
word-break:break-word;
word-wrap:break-word
}
.hidden{
display:none
}
.invisible{
visibility:hidden
}
.container::after,.float-container::after{
clear:both;
content:"";
display:table
}
.clearboth{
clear:both
}
#comments .comment .comment-actions,.subscribe-popup .FollowByEmail .follow-by-email-submit,.widget.Profile .profile-link{
background:0 0;
border:0;
box-shadow:none;
color:$(body.link.color);
cursor:pointer;
font-size:14px;
font-weight:700;
outline:0;
text-decoration:none;
text-transform:uppercase;
width:auto
}
.dim-overlay{
background-color:rgba(0,0,0,.54);
height:100vh;
left:0;
position:fixed;
top:0;
width:100%
}
#sharing-dim-overlay{
background-color:transparent
}
input::-ms-clear{
display:none
}
.blogger-logo,.svg-icon-24.blogger-logo{
fill:#ff9800;
opacity:1
}
.loading-spinner-large{
-webkit-animation:mspin-rotate 1.568s infinite linear;
animation:mspin-rotate 1.568s infinite linear;
height:48px;
overflow:hidden;
position:absolute;
width:48px;
z-index:200
}
.loading-spinner-large>div{
-webkit-animation:mspin-revrot 5332ms infinite steps(4);
animation:mspin-revrot 5332ms infinite steps(4)
}
.loading-spinner-large>div>div{
-webkit-animation:mspin-singlecolor-large-film 1333ms infinite steps(81);
animation:mspin-singlecolor-large-film 1333ms infinite steps(81);
background-size:100%;
height:48px;
width:3888px
}
.mspin-black-large>div>div,.mspin-grey_54-large>div>div{
background-image:url(https://www.blogblog.com/indie/mspin_black_large.svg)
}
.mspin-white-large>div>div{
background-image:url(https://www.blogblog.com/indie/mspin_white_large.svg)
}
.mspin-grey_54-large{
opacity:.54
}
@-webkit-keyframes mspin-singlecolor-large-film{
from{
-webkit-transform:translateX(0);
transform:translateX(0)
}
to{
-webkit-transform:translateX(-3888px);
transform:translateX(-3888px)
}
}
@keyframes mspin-singlecolor-large-film{
from{
-webkit-transform:translateX(0);
transform:translateX(0)
}
to{
-webkit-transform:translateX(-3888px);
transform:translateX(-3888px)
}
}
@-webkit-keyframes mspin-rotate{
from{
-webkit-transform:rotate(0);
transform:rotate(0)
}
to{
-webkit-transform:rotate(360deg);
transform:rotate(360deg)
}
}
@keyframes mspin-rotate{
from{
-webkit-transform:rotate(0);
transform:rotate(0)
}
to{
-webkit-transform:rotate(360deg);
transform:rotate(360deg)
}
}
@-webkit-keyframes mspin-revrot{
from{
-webkit-transform:rotate(0);
transform:rotate(0)
}
to{
-webkit-transform:rotate(-360deg);
transform:rotate(-360deg)
}
}
@keyframes mspin-revrot{
from{
-webkit-transform:rotate(0);
transform:rotate(0)
}
to{
-webkit-transform:rotate(-360deg);
transform:rotate(-360deg)
}
}
.skip-navigation{
background-color:#fff;
box-sizing:border-box;
color:#000;
display:block;
height:0;
left:0;
line-height:50px;
overflow:hidden;
padding-top:0;
position:fixed;
text-align:center;
top:0;
-webkit-transition:box-shadow .3s,height .3s,padding-top .3s;
transition:box-shadow .3s,height .3s,padding-top .3s;
width:100%;
z-index:900
}
.skip-navigation:focus{
box-shadow:0 4px 5px 0 rgba(0,0,0,.14),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,.12),0 2px 4px -1px rgba(0,0,0,.2);
height:50px
}
#main{
outline:0
}
.main-heading{
position:absolute;
clip:rect(1px,1px,1px,1px);
padding:0;
border:0;
height:1px;
width:1px;
overflow:hidden
}
.Attribution{
margin-top:1em;
text-align:center
}
.Attribution .blogger img,.Attribution .blogger svg{
vertical-align:bottom
}
.Attribution .blogger img{
margin-$endSide:.5em
}
.Attribution div{
line-height:24px;
margin-top:.5em
}
.Attribution .copyright,.Attribution .image-attribution{
font-size:.7em;
margin-top:1.5em
}
.BLOG_mobile_video_class{
display:none
}
.bg-photo{
background-attachment:scroll!important
}
body .CSS_LIGHTBOX{
z-index:900
}
.extendable .show-less,.extendable .show-more{
border-color:$(body.link.color);
color:$(body.link.color);
margin-top:8px
}
.extendable .show-less.hidden,.extendable .show-more.hidden{
display:none
}
.inline-ad{
display:none;
max-width:100%;
overflow:hidden
}
.adsbygoogle{
display:block
}
#cookieChoiceInfo{
bottom:0;
top:auto
}
iframe.b-hbp-video{
border:0
}
.post-body img{
max-width:100%
}
.post-body iframe{
max-width:100%
}
.post-body a[imageanchor="1"]{
display:inline-block
}
.byline{
margin-$endSide:1em
}
.byline:last-child{
margin-$endSide:0
}
.link-copied-dialog{
max-width:520px;
outline:0
}
.link-copied-dialog .modal-dialog-buttons{
margin-top:8px
}
.link-copied-dialog .goog-buttonset-default{
background:0 0;
border:0
}
.link-copied-dialog .goog-buttonset-default:focus{
outline:0
}
.paging-control-container{
margin-bottom:16px
}
.paging-control-container .paging-control{
display:inline-block
}
.paging-control-container .comment-range-text::after,.paging-control-container .paging-control{
color:$(body.link.color)
}
.paging-control-container .comment-range-text,.paging-control-container .paging-control{
margin-$endSide:8px
}
.paging-control-container .comment-range-text::after,.paging-control-container .paging-control::after{
content:"\b7";
cursor:default;
padding-$startSide:8px;
pointer-events:none
}
.paging-control-container .comment-range-text:last-child::after,.paging-control-container .paging-control:last-child::after{
content:none
}
.byline.reactions iframe{
height:20px
}
.b-notification{
color:#000;
background-color:#fff;
border-bottom:solid 1px #000;
box-sizing:border-box;
padding:16px 32px;
text-align:center
}
.b-notification.visible{
-webkit-transition:margin-top .3s cubic-bezier(.4,0,.2,1);
transition:margin-top .3s cubic-bezier(.4,0,.2,1)
}
.b-notification.invisible{
position:absolute
}
.b-notification-close{
position:absolute;
right:8px;
top:8px
}
.no-posts-message{
line-height:40px;
text-align:center
}
@media screen and (max-width:968px){
body.item-view .post-body a[imageanchor="1"][style*="float: left;"],body.item-view .post-body a[imageanchor="1"][style*="float: right;"]{
float:none!important;
clear:none!important
}
body.item-view .post-body a[imageanchor="1"] img{
display:block;
height:auto;
margin:0 auto
}
body.item-view .post-body>.separator:first-child>a[imageanchor="1"]:first-child{
margin-top:20px
}
.post-body a[imageanchor]{
display:block
}
body.item-view .post-body a[imageanchor="1"]{
margin-left:0!important;
margin-right:0!important
}
body.item-view .post-body a[imageanchor="1"]+a[imageanchor="1"]{
margin-top:16px
}
}
.item-control{
display:none
}
#comments{
border-top:1px dashed rgba(0,0,0,.54);
margin-top:20px;
padding:20px
}
#comments .comment-thread ol{
margin:0;
padding-left:0;
padding-$startSide:0
}
#comments .comment .comment-replybox-single,#comments .comment-thread .comment-replies{
margin-left:60px
}
#comments .comment-thread .thread-count{
display:none
}
#comments .comment{
list-style-type:none;
padding:0 0 30px;
position:relative
}
#comments .comment .comment{
padding-bottom:8px
}
.comment .avatar-image-container{
position:absolute
}
.comment .avatar-image-container img{
border-radius:50%
}
.avatar-image-container svg,.comment .avatar-image-container .avatar-icon{
border-radius:50%;
border:solid 1px $(item.action.color);
box-sizing:border-box;
fill:$(item.action.color);
height:35px;
margin:0;
padding:7px;
width:35px
}
.comment .comment-block{
margin-top:10px;
margin-$startSide:60px;
padding-bottom:0
}
#comments .comment-author-header-wrapper{
margin-left:40px
}
#comments .comment .thread-expanded .comment-block{
padding-bottom:20px
}
#comments .comment .comment-header .user,#comments .comment .comment-header .user a{
color:$(body.text.color);
font-style:normal;
font-weight:700
}
#comments .comment .comment-actions{
bottom:0;
margin-bottom:15px;
position:absolute
}
#comments .comment .comment-actions>*{
margin-right:8px
}
#comments .comment .comment-header .datetime{
bottom:0;
color:$(item.subtitle.color);
display:inline-block;
font-size:13px;
font-style:italic;
margin-$startSide:8px
}
#comments .comment .comment-footer .comment-timestamp a,#comments .comment .comment-header .datetime a{
color:$(item.subtitle.color)
}
#comments .comment .comment-content,.comment .comment-body{
margin-top:12px;
word-break:break-word
}
.comment-body{
margin-bottom:12px
}
#comments.embed[data-num-comments="0"]{
border:0;
margin-top:0;
padding-top:0
}
#comments.embed[data-num-comments="0"] #comment-post-message,#comments.embed[data-num-comments="0"] div.comment-form>p,#comments.embed[data-num-comments="0"] p.comment-footer{
display:none
}
#comment-editor-src{
display:none
}
.comments .comments-content .loadmore.loaded{
max-height:0;
opacity:0;
overflow:hidden
}
.extendable .remaining-items{
height:0;
overflow:hidden;
-webkit-transition:height .3s cubic-bezier(.4,0,.2,1);
transition:height .3s cubic-bezier(.4,0,.2,1)
}
.extendable .remaining-items.expanded{
height:auto
}
.svg-icon-24,.svg-icon-24-button{
cursor:pointer;
height:24px;
width:24px;
min-width:24px
}
.touch-icon{
margin:-12px;
padding:12px
}
.touch-icon:active,.touch-icon:focus{
background-color:rgba(153,153,153,.4);
border-radius:50%
}
svg:not(:root).touch-icon{
overflow:visible
}
html[dir=rtl] .rtl-reversible-icon{
-webkit-transform:scaleX(-1);
-ms-transform:scaleX(-1);
transform:scaleX(-1)
}
.svg-icon-24-button,.touch-icon-button{
background:0 0;
border:0;
margin:0;
outline:0;
padding:0
}
.touch-icon-button .touch-icon:active,.touch-icon-button .touch-icon:focus{
background-color:transparent
}
.touch-icon-button:active .touch-icon,.touch-icon-button:focus .touch-icon{
background-color:rgba(153,153,153,.4);
border-radius:50%
}
.Profile .default-avatar-wrapper .avatar-icon{
border-radius:50%;
border:solid 1px $(sidebar.icon.color);
box-sizing:border-box;
fill:$(sidebar.icon.color);
margin:0
}
.Profile .individual .default-avatar-wrapper .avatar-icon{
padding:25px
}
.Profile .individual .avatar-icon,.Profile .individual .profile-img{
height:120px;
width:120px
}
.Profile .team .default-avatar-wrapper .avatar-icon{
padding:8px
}
.Profile .team .avatar-icon,.Profile .team .default-avatar-wrapper,.Profile .team .profile-img{
height:40px;
width:40px
}
.snippet-container{
margin:0;
position:relative;
overflow:hidden
}
.snippet-fade{
bottom:0;
box-sizing:border-box;
position:absolute;
width:96px
}
.snippet-fade{
$endSide:0
}
.snippet-fade:after{
content:"\2026"
}
.snippet-fade:after{
float:$endSide
}
.post-bottom{
-webkit-box-align:center;
-webkit-align-items:center;
-ms-flex-align:center;
align-items:center;
display:-webkit-box;
display:-webkit-flex;
display:-ms-flexbox;
display:flex;
-webkit-flex-wrap:wrap;
-ms-flex-wrap:wrap;
flex-wrap:wrap
}
.post-footer{
-webkit-box-flex:1;
-webkit-flex:1 1 auto;
-ms-flex:1 1 auto;
flex:1 1 auto;
-webkit-flex-wrap:wrap;
-ms-flex-wrap:wrap;
flex-wrap:wrap;
-webkit-box-ordinal-group:2;
-webkit-order:1;
-ms-flex-order:1;
order:1
}
.post-footer>*{
-webkit-box-flex:0;
-webkit-flex:0 1 auto;
-ms-flex:0 1 auto;
flex:0 1 auto
}
.post-footer .byline:last-child{
margin-$endSide:1em
}
.jump-link{
-webkit-box-flex:0;
-webkit-flex:0 0 auto;
-ms-flex:0 0 auto;
flex:0 0 auto;
-webkit-box-ordinal-group:3;
-webkit-order:2;
-ms-flex-order:2;
order:2
}
.centered-top-container.sticky{
left:0;
position:fixed;
right:0;
top:0;
width:auto;
z-index:8;
-webkit-transition-property:opacity,-webkit-transform;
transition-property:opacity,-webkit-transform;
transition-property:transform,opacity;
transition-property:transform,opacity,-webkit-transform;
-webkit-transition-duration:.2s;
transition-duration:.2s;
-webkit-transition-timing-function:cubic-bezier(.4,0,.2,1);
transition-timing-function:cubic-bezier(.4,0,.2,1)
}
.centered-top-placeholder{
display:none
}
.collapsed-header .centered-top-placeholder{
display:block
}
.centered-top-container .Header .replaced h1,.centered-top-placeholder .Header .replaced h1{
display:none
}
.centered-top-container.sticky .Header .replaced h1{
display:block
}
.centered-top-container.sticky .Header .header-widget{
background:0 0
}
.centered-top-container.sticky .Header .header-image-wrapper{
display:none
}
.centered-top-container img,.centered-top-placeholder img{
max-width:100%
}
.collapsible{
-webkit-transition:height .3s cubic-bezier(.4,0,.2,1);
transition:height .3s cubic-bezier(.4,0,.2,1)
}
.collapsible,.collapsible>summary{
display:block;
overflow:hidden
}
.collapsible>:not(summary){
display:none
}
.collapsible[open]>:not(summary){
display:block
}
.collapsible:focus,.collapsible>summary:focus{
outline:0
}
.collapsible>summary{
cursor:pointer;
display:block;
padding:0
}
.collapsible:focus>summary,.collapsible>summary:focus{
background-color:transparent
}
.collapsible>summary::-webkit-details-marker{
display:none
}
.collapsible-title{
-webkit-box-align:center;
-webkit-align-items:center;
-ms-flex-align:center;
align-items:center;
display:-webkit-box;
display:-webkit-flex;
display:-ms-flexbox;
display:flex
}
.collapsible-title .title{
-webkit-box-flex:1;
-webkit-flex:1 1 auto;
-ms-flex:1 1 auto;
flex:1 1 auto;
-webkit-box-ordinal-group:1;
-webkit-order:0;
-ms-flex-order:0;
order:0;
overflow:hidden;
text-overflow:ellipsis;
white-space:nowrap
}
.collapsible-title .chevron-down,.collapsible[open] .collapsible-title .chevron-up{
display:block
}
.collapsible-title .chevron-up,.collapsible[open] .collapsible-title .chevron-down{
display:none
}
.overflowable-container{
max-height:$(header.items.font.size * 12 / 7 + 24px);
overflow:hidden;
position:relative
}
.overflow-button{
cursor:pointer
}
#overflowable-dim-overlay{
background:0 0
}
.overflow-popup{
box-shadow:0 2px 2px 0 rgba(0,0,0,.14),0 3px 1px -2px rgba(0,0,0,.2),0 1px 5px 0 rgba(0,0,0,.12);
background-color:$(body.background.color);
left:0;
max-width:calc(100% - 32px);
position:absolute;
top:0;
visibility:hidden;
z-index:101
}
.overflow-popup ul{
list-style:none
}
.overflow-popup .tabs li,.overflow-popup li{
display:block;
height:auto
}
.overflow-popup .tabs li{
padding-left:0;
padding-right:0
}
.overflow-button.hidden,.overflow-popup .tabs li.hidden,.overflow-popup li.hidden{
display:none
}
.ripple{
position:relative
}
.ripple>*{
z-index:1
}
.splash-wrapper{
bottom:0;
left:0;
overflow:hidden;
pointer-events:none;
position:absolute;
right:0;
top:0;
z-index:0
}
.splash{
background:#ccc;
border-radius:100%;
display:block;
opacity:.6;
position:absolute;
-webkit-transform:scale(0);
-ms-transform:scale(0);
transform:scale(0)
}
.splash.animate{
-webkit-animation:ripple-effect .4s linear;
animation:ripple-effect .4s linear
}
@-webkit-keyframes ripple-effect{
100%{
opacity:0;
-webkit-transform:scale(2.5);
transform:scale(2.5)
}
}
@keyframes ripple-effect{
100%{
opacity:0;
-webkit-transform:scale(2.5);
transform:scale(2.5)
}
}
.search{
display:-webkit-box;
display:-webkit-flex;
display:-ms-flexbox;
display:flex;
line-height:24px;
width:24px
}
.search.focused{
width:100%
}
.search.focused .section{
width:100%
}
.search form{
z-index:101
}
.search h3{
display:none
}
.search form{
display:-webkit-box;
display:-webkit-flex;
display:-ms-flexbox;
display:flex;
-webkit-box-flex:1;
-webkit-flex:1 0 0;
-ms-flex:1 0 0px;
flex:1 0 0;
border-bottom:solid 1px transparent;
padding-bottom:8px
}
.search form>*{
display:none
}
.search.focused form>*{
display:block
}
.search .search-input label{
display:none
}
.centered-top-placeholder.cloned .search form{
z-index:30
}
.search.focused form{
border-color:$(body.text.color);
position:relative;
width:auto
}
.collapsed-header .centered-top-container .search.focused form{
border-bottom-color:transparent
}
.search-expand{
-webkit-box-flex:0;
-webkit-flex:0 0 auto;
-ms-flex:0 0 auto;
flex:0 0 auto
}
.search-expand-text{
display:none
}
.search-close{
display:inline;
vertical-align:middle
}
.search-input{
-webkit-box-flex:1;
-webkit-flex:1 0 1px;
-ms-flex:1 0 1px;
flex:1 0 1px
}
.search-input input{
background:0 0;
border:0;
box-sizing:border-box;
color:$(body.text.color);
display:inline-block;
outline:0;
width:calc(100% - 48px)
}
.search-input input.no-cursor{
color:transparent;
text-shadow:0 0 0 $(body.text.color)
}
.collapsed-header .centered-top-container .search-action,.collapsed-header .centered-top-container .search-input input{
color:$(body.text.color)
}
.collapsed-header .centered-top-container .search-input input.no-cursor{
color:transparent;
text-shadow:0 0 0 $(body.text.color)
}
.collapsed-header .centered-top-container .search-input input.no-cursor:focus,.search-input input.no-cursor:focus{
outline:0
}
.search-focused>*{
visibility:hidden
}
.search-focused .search,.search-focused .search-icon{
visibility:visible
}
.search.focused .search-action{
display:block
}
.search.focused .search-action:disabled{
opacity:.3
}
.sidebar-container{
background-color:#f7f7f7;
max-width:$(sidebar.width);
overflow-y:auto;
-webkit-transition-property:-webkit-transform;
transition-property:-webkit-transform;
transition-property:transform;
transition-property:transform,-webkit-transform;
-webkit-transition-duration:.3s;
transition-duration:.3s;
-webkit-transition-timing-function:cubic-bezier(0,0,.2,1);
transition-timing-function:cubic-bezier(0,0,.2,1);
width:$(sidebar.width);
z-index:101;
-webkit-overflow-scrolling:touch
}
.sidebar-container .navigation{
line-height:0;
padding:16px
}
.sidebar-container .sidebar-back{
cursor:pointer
}
.sidebar-container .widget{
background:0 0;
margin:0 16px;
padding:16px 0
}
.sidebar-container .widget .title{
color:$(sidebar.widget.title.color);
margin:0
}
.sidebar-container .widget ul{
list-style:none;
margin:0;
padding:0
}
.sidebar-container .widget ul ul{
margin-$startSide:1em
}
.sidebar-container .widget li{
font-size:16px;
line-height:normal
}
.sidebar-container .widget+.widget{
border-top:1px dashed $(sidebar.separator.color)
}
.BlogArchive li{
margin:16px 0
}
.BlogArchive li:last-child{
margin-bottom:0
}
.Label li a{
display:inline-block
}
.BlogArchive .post-count,.Label .label-count{
float:$endSide;
margin-$startSide:.25em
}
.BlogArchive .post-count::before,.Label .label-count::before{
content:"("
}
.BlogArchive .post-count::after,.Label .label-count::after{
content:")"
}
.widget.Translate .skiptranslate>div{
display:block!important
}
.widget.Profile .profile-link{
display:-webkit-box;
display:-webkit-flex;
display:-ms-flexbox;
display:flex
}
.widget.Profile .team-member .default-avatar-wrapper,.widget.Profile .team-member .profile-img{
-webkit-box-flex:0;
-webkit-flex:0 0 auto;
-ms-flex:0 0 auto;
flex:0 0 auto;
margin-$endSide:1em
}
.widget.Profile .individual .profile-link{
-webkit-box-orient:vertical;
-webkit-box-direction:normal;
-webkit-flex-direction:column;
-ms-flex-direction:column;
flex-direction:column
}
.widget.Profile .team .profile-link .profile-name{
-webkit-align-self:center;
-ms-flex-item-align:center;
align-self:center;
display:block;
-webkit-box-flex:1;
-webkit-flex:1 1 auto;
-ms-flex:1 1 auto;
flex:1 1 auto
}
.dim-overlay{
background-color:rgba(0,0,0,.54);
z-index:100
}
body.sidebar-visible{
overflow-y:hidden
}
@media screen and (max-width:$(feed.width + sidebar.width + 20px - 1px)){
.sidebar-container{
bottom:0;
position:fixed;
top:0;
left:auto;
right:0
}
.sidebar-container.sidebar-invisible{
-webkit-transition-timing-function:cubic-bezier(.4,0,.6,1);
transition-timing-function:cubic-bezier(.4,0,.6,1);
-webkit-transform:translateX($(sidebar.width));
-ms-transform:translateX($(sidebar.width));
transform:translateX($(sidebar.width))
}
}
.dialog{
box-shadow:0 2px 2px 0 rgba(0,0,0,.14),0 3px 1px -2px rgba(0,0,0,.2),0 1px 5px 0 rgba(0,0,0,.12);
background:$(body.background.color);
box-sizing:border-box;
color:$(body.text.color);
padding:30px;
position:fixed;
text-align:center;
width:calc(100% - 24px);
z-index:101
}
.dialog input[type=email],.dialog input[type=text]{
background-color:transparent;
border:0;
border-bottom:solid 1px rgba($(body.text.color.red),$(body.text.color.green),$(body.text.color.blue),.12);
color:$(body.text.color);
display:block;
font-family:$(body.text.font.family);
font-size:16px;
line-height:24px;
margin:auto;
padding-bottom:7px;
outline:0;
text-align:center;
width:100%
}
.dialog input[type=email]::-webkit-input-placeholder,.dialog input[type=text]::-webkit-input-placeholder{
color:$(body.text.color)
}
.dialog input[type=email]::-moz-placeholder,.dialog input[type=text]::-moz-placeholder{
color:$(body.text.color)
}
.dialog input[type=email]:-ms-input-placeholder,.dialog input[type=text]:-ms-input-placeholder{
color:$(body.text.color)
}
.dialog input[type=email]::-ms-input-placeholder,.dialog input[type=text]::-ms-input-placeholder{
color:$(body.text.color)
}
.dialog input[type=email]::placeholder,.dialog input[type=text]::placeholder{
color:$(body.text.color)
}
.dialog input[type=email]:focus,.dialog input[type=text]:focus{
border-bottom:solid 2px $(body.link.color);
padding-bottom:6px
}
.dialog input.no-cursor{
color:transparent;
text-shadow:0 0 0 $(body.text.color)
}
.dialog input.no-cursor:focus{
outline:0
}
.dialog input.no-cursor:focus{
outline:0
}
.dialog input[type=submit]{
font-family:$(body.text.font.family)
}
.dialog .goog-buttonset-default{
color:$(body.link.color)
}
.subscribe-popup{
max-width:364px
}
.subscribe-popup h3{
color:$(item.title.color);
font-size:1.8em;
margin-top:0
}
.subscribe-popup .FollowByEmail h3{
display:none
}
.subscribe-popup .FollowByEmail .follow-by-email-submit{
color:$(body.link.color);
display:inline-block;
margin:0 auto;
margin-top:24px;
width:auto;
white-space:normal
}
.subscribe-popup .FollowByEmail .follow-by-email-submit:disabled{
cursor:default;
opacity:.3
}
@media (max-width:800px){
.blog-name div.widget.Subscribe{
margin-bottom:16px
}
body.item-view .blog-name div.widget.Subscribe{
margin:8px auto 16px auto;
width:100%
}
}
body#layout .bg-photo,body#layout .bg-photo-overlay{
display:none
}
body#layout .page_body{
padding:0;
position:relative;
top:0
}
body#layout .page{
display:inline-block;
left:inherit;
position:relative;
vertical-align:top;
width:540px
}
body#layout .centered{
max-width:954px
}
body#layout .navigation{
display:none
}
body#layout .sidebar-container{
display:inline-block;
width:40%
}
body#layout .hamburger-menu,body#layout .search{
display:none
}
.widget.Sharing .sharing-button{
display:none
}
.widget.Sharing .sharing-buttons li{
padding:0
}
.widget.Sharing .sharing-buttons li span{
display:none
}
.post-share-buttons{
position:relative
}
.centered-bottom .share-buttons .svg-icon-24,.share-buttons .svg-icon-24{
fill:$(sharing.icons.color)
}
.sharing-open.touch-icon-button:active .touch-icon,.sharing-open.touch-icon-button:focus .touch-icon{
background-color:transparent
}
.share-buttons{
background-color:$(sharing.background.color);
border-radius:2px;
box-shadow:0 2px 2px 0 rgba(0,0,0,.14),0 3px 1px -2px rgba(0,0,0,.2),0 1px 5px 0 rgba(0,0,0,.12);
color:$(sharing.text.color);
list-style:none;
margin:0;
padding:8px 0;
position:absolute;
top:-11px;
min-width:200px;
z-index:101
}
.share-buttons.hidden{
display:none
}
.sharing-button{
background:0 0;
border:0;
margin:0;
outline:0;
padding:0;
cursor:pointer
}
.share-buttons li{
margin:0;
height:48px
}
.share-buttons li:last-child{
margin-bottom:0
}
.share-buttons li .sharing-platform-button{
box-sizing:border-box;
cursor:pointer;
display:block;
height:100%;
margin-bottom:0;
padding:0 16px;
position:relative;
width:100%
}
.share-buttons li .sharing-platform-button:focus,.share-buttons li .sharing-platform-button:hover{
background-color:rgba(128,128,128,.1);
outline:0
}
.share-buttons li svg[class*=" sharing-"],.share-buttons li svg[class^=sharing-]{
position:absolute;
top:10px
}
.share-buttons li span.sharing-platform-button{
position:relative;
top:0
}
.share-buttons li .platform-sharing-text{
display:block;
font-size:16px;
line-height:48px;
white-space:nowrap
}
.share-buttons li .platform-sharing-text{
margin-$startSide:56px
}
.flat-button{
cursor:pointer;
display:inline-block;
font-weight:700;
text-transform:uppercase;
border-radius:2px;
padding:8px;
margin:-8px
}
.flat-icon-button{
background:0 0;
border:0;
margin:0;
outline:0;
padding:0;
margin:-12px;
padding:12px;
cursor:pointer;
box-sizing:content-box;
display:inline-block;
line-height:0
}
.flat-icon-button,.flat-icon-button .splash-wrapper{
border-radius:50%
}
.flat-icon-button .splash.animate{
-webkit-animation-duration:.3s;
animation-duration:.3s
}
h1,h2,h3,h4,h5,h6{
margin:0
}
.post-body h1,.post-body h2,.post-body h3,.post-body h4,.post-body h5,.post-body h6{
margin:1em 0
}
.action-link,a{
color:$(body.link.color);
cursor:pointer;
text-decoration:none
}
.action-link:visited,a:visited{
color:$(body.link.visited.color)
}
.action-link:hover,a:hover{
color:$(body.link.hover.color)
}
body{
background-color:$(body.background.color);
color:$(body.text.color);
font:$(body.text.font);
margin:0 auto
}
.unused{
background:$(body.background)
}
.dim-overlay{
z-index:100
}
.all-container{
min-height:100vh;
display:-webkit-box;
display:-webkit-flex;
display:-ms-flexbox;
display:flex;
-webkit-box-orient:vertical;
-webkit-box-direction:normal;
-webkit-flex-direction:column;
-ms-flex-direction:column;
flex-direction:column
}
body.sidebar-visible .all-container{
overflow-y:scroll
}
.page{
max-width:$(feed.width);
width:100%
}
.Blog{
padding:0;
padding-$startSide:136px
}
.main_content_container{
-webkit-box-flex:0;
-webkit-flex:0 0 auto;
-ms-flex:0 0 auto;
flex:0 0 auto;
margin:0 auto;
max-width:$(feed.width + sidebar.width);
width:100%
}
.centered-top-container{
-webkit-box-flex:0;
-webkit-flex:0 0 auto;
-ms-flex:0 0 auto;
flex:0 0 auto
}
.centered-top,.centered-top-placeholder{
box-sizing:border-box;
width:100%
}
.centered-top{
box-sizing:border-box;
margin:0 auto;
max-width:$(feed.width);
padding:44px 136px 32px 136px;
width:100%
}
.centered-top h3{
color:$(header.description.color);
font:$(header.items.font)
}
.centered{
width:100%
}
.centered-top-firstline{
display:-webkit-box;
display:-webkit-flex;
display:-ms-flexbox;
display:flex;
position:relative;
width:100%
}
.main_header_elements{
display:-webkit-box;
display:-webkit-flex;
display:-ms-flexbox;
display:flex;
-webkit-box-flex:0;
-webkit-flex:0 1 auto;
-ms-flex:0 1 auto;
flex:0 1 auto;
-webkit-box-ordinal-group:2;
-webkit-order:1;
-ms-flex-order:1;
order:1;
overflow-x:hidden;
width:100%
}
html[dir=rtl] .main_header_elements{
-webkit-box-ordinal-group:3;
-webkit-order:2;
-ms-flex-order:2;
order:2
}
body.search-view .centered-top.search-focused .blog-name{
display:none
}
.widget.Header img{
max-width:100%
}
.blog-name{
-webkit-box-flex:1;
-webkit-flex:1 1 auto;
-ms-flex:1 1 auto;
flex:1 1 auto;
min-width:0;
-webkit-box-ordinal-group:2;
-webkit-order:1;
-ms-flex-order:1;
order:1;
-webkit-transition:opacity .2s cubic-bezier(.4,0,.2,1);
transition:opacity .2s cubic-bezier(.4,0,.2,1)
}
.subscribe-section-container{
-webkit-box-flex:0;
-webkit-flex:0 0 auto;
-ms-flex:0 0 auto;
flex:0 0 auto;
-webkit-box-ordinal-group:3;
-webkit-order:2;
-ms-flex-order:2;
order:2
}
.search{
-webkit-box-flex:0;
-webkit-flex:0 0 auto;
-ms-flex:0 0 auto;
flex:0 0 auto;
-webkit-box-ordinal-group:4;
-webkit-order:3;
-ms-flex-order:3;
order:3;
line-height:$(blog.title.font.size)
}
.search svg{
margin-bottom:$(blog.title.font.size / 2 - 12px);
margin-top:$(blog.title.font.size / 2 - 12px);
padding-bottom:0;
padding-top:0
}
.search,.search.focused{
display:block;
width:auto
}
.search .section{
opacity:0;
position:absolute;
right:0;
top:0;
-webkit-transition:opacity .2s cubic-bezier(.4,0,.2,1);
transition:opacity .2s cubic-bezier(.4,0,.2,1)
}
.search-expand{
background:0 0;
border:0;
margin:0;
outline:0;
padding:0;
display:block
}
.search.focused .search-expand{
visibility:hidden
}
.hamburger-menu{
float:right;
height:$(blog.title.font.size)
}
.search-expand,.subscribe-section-container{
margin-$startSide:44px
}
.hamburger-section{
-webkit-box-flex:1;
-webkit-flex:1 0 auto;
-ms-flex:1 0 auto;
flex:1 0 auto;
margin-left:44px;
-webkit-box-ordinal-group:3;
-webkit-order:2;
-ms-flex-order:2;
order:2
}
html[dir=rtl] .hamburger-section{
-webkit-box-ordinal-group:2;
-webkit-order:1;
-ms-flex-order:1;
order:1
}
.search-expand-icon{
display:none
}
.search-expand-text{
display:block
}
.search-input{
width:100%
}
.search-focused .hamburger-section{
visibility:visible
}
.centered-top-secondline .PageList ul{
margin:0;
max-height:$(header.items.font.size * 12 / 7 * 6 + 144px);
overflow-y:hidden
}
.centered-top-secondline .PageList li{
margin-$endSide:30px
}
.centered-top-secondline .PageList li:first-child a{
padding-$startSide:0
}
.centered-top-secondline .PageList .overflow-popup ul{
overflow-y:auto
}
.centered-top-secondline .PageList .overflow-popup li{
display:block
}
.centered-top-secondline .PageList .overflow-popup li.hidden{
display:none
}
.overflowable-contents li{
display:inline-block;
height:$(header.items.font.size * 12 / 7 + 24px)
}
.sticky .blog-name{
overflow:hidden
}
.sticky .blog-name .widget.Header h1{
overflow:hidden;
text-overflow:ellipsis;
white-space:nowrap
}
.sticky .blog-name .widget.Header p,.sticky .centered-top-secondline{
display:none
}
.centered-top-container,.centered-top-placeholder{
background:$(header.background)
}
.centered-top .svg-icon-24{
fill:$(header.items.color)
}
.blog-name h1,.blog-name h1 a{
color:$(blog.title.color);
font:$(blog.title.font);
line-height:$(blog.title.font.size);
text-transform:uppercase
}
.widget.Header .header-widget p{
font:$(header.description.font);
font-style:italic;
color:$(header.description.color);
line-height:1.6;
max-width:$(feed.width - 604px)
}
.centered-top .flat-button{
color:$(header.items.color);
cursor:pointer;
font:$(header.items.font);
line-height:$(blog.title.font.size);
text-transform:uppercase;
-webkit-transition:opacity .2s cubic-bezier(.4,0,.2,1);
transition:opacity .2s cubic-bezier(.4,0,.2,1)
}
.subscribe-button{
background:0 0;
border:0;
margin:0;
outline:0;
padding:0;
display:block
}
html[dir=ltr] .search form{
margin-right:12px
}
.search.focused .section{
opacity:1;
margin-right:36px;
width:calc(100% - 36px)
}
.search input{
border:0;
color:$(header.description.color);
font:$(search.input.font);
line-height:$(blog.title.font.size);
outline:0;
width:100%
}
.search form{
padding-bottom:0
}
.search input[type=submit]{
display:none
}
.search input::-webkit-input-placeholder{
text-transform:uppercase
}
.search input::-moz-placeholder{
text-transform:uppercase
}
.search input:-ms-input-placeholder{
text-transform:uppercase
}
.search input::-ms-input-placeholder{
text-transform:uppercase
}
.search input::placeholder{
text-transform:uppercase
}
.centered-top-secondline .dim-overlay,.search .dim-overlay{
background:0 0
}
.centered-top-secondline .PageList .overflow-button a,.centered-top-secondline .PageList li a{
color:$(header.pages.color);
font:$(header.items.font);
line-height:$(header.items.font.size * 12 / 7 + 24px);
padding:12px
}
.centered-top-secondline .PageList li.selected a{
color:$(header.pages.selected.color)
}
.centered-top-secondline .overflow-popup .PageList li a{
color:$(body.text.color)
}
.PageList ul{
padding:0
}
.sticky .search form{
border:0
}
.sticky{
box-shadow:0 0 20px 0 rgba(0,0,0,.7)
}
.sticky .centered-top{
padding-bottom:0;
padding-top:0
}
.sticky .blog-name h1,.sticky .search,.sticky .search-expand,.sticky .subscribe-button{
line-height:$(blog.title.font.size + 16px)
}
.sticky .hamburger-section,.sticky .search-expand,.sticky .search.focused .search-submit{
-webkit-box-align:center;
-webkit-align-items:center;
-ms-flex-align:center;
align-items:center;
display:-webkit-box;
display:-webkit-flex;
display:-ms-flexbox;
display:flex;
height:$(blog.title.font.size + 16px)
}
.subscribe-popup h3{
color:$(dialog.title.color);
font:$(dialog.title.font);
margin-bottom:24px
}
.subscribe-popup div.widget.FollowByEmail .follow-by-email-address{
color:$(dialog.input.color);
font:$(dialog.input.font)
}
.subscribe-popup div.widget.FollowByEmail .follow-by-email-submit{
color:$(dialog.action.color);
font:$(dialog.action.font);
margin-top:24px
}
.post-content{
-webkit-box-flex:0;
-webkit-flex:0 1 auto;
-ms-flex:0 1 auto;
flex:0 1 auto;
-webkit-box-ordinal-group:2;
-webkit-order:1;
-ms-flex-order:1;
order:1;
margin-$endSide:76px;
max-width:$(feed.width - 604px);
width:100%
}
.post-filter-message{
background-color:$(body.link.color);
color:$(body.background.color);
display:-webkit-box;
display:-webkit-flex;
display:-ms-flexbox;
display:flex;
font:$(feed.subtitle.font);
margin:40px 136px 48px 136px;
padding:10px;
position:relative
}
.post-filter-message>*{
-webkit-box-flex:0;
-webkit-flex:0 0 auto;
-ms-flex:0 0 auto;
flex:0 0 auto
}
.post-filter-message .search-query{
font-style:italic;
quotes:"\201c" "\201d" "\2018" "\2019"
}
.post-filter-message .search-query::before{
content:open-quote
}
.post-filter-message .search-query::after{
content:close-quote
}
.post-filter-message div{
display:inline-block
}
.post-filter-message a{
color:$(body.background.color);
display:inline-block;
text-transform:uppercase
}
.post-filter-description{
-webkit-box-flex:1;
-webkit-flex:1 1 auto;
-ms-flex:1 1 auto;
flex:1 1 auto;
margin-$endSide:16px
}
.post-title{
margin-top:0
}
body.feed-view .post-outer-container{
margin-top:85px
}
body.feed-view .feed-message+.post-outer-container,body.feed-view .post-outer-container:first-child{
margin-top:0
}
.post-outer{
display:-webkit-box;
display:-webkit-flex;
display:-ms-flexbox;
display:flex;
position:relative
}
.post-outer .snippet-thumbnail{
-webkit-box-align:center;
-webkit-align-items:center;
-ms-flex-align:center;
align-items:center;
background:#000;
display:-webkit-box;
display:-webkit-flex;
display:-ms-flexbox;
display:flex;
-webkit-box-flex:0;
-webkit-flex:0 0 auto;
-ms-flex:0 0 auto;
flex:0 0 auto;
height:256px;
-webkit-box-pack:center;
-webkit-justify-content:center;
-ms-flex-pack:center;
justify-content:center;
margin-$endSide:136px;
overflow:hidden;
-webkit-box-ordinal-group:3;
-webkit-order:2;
-ms-flex-order:2;
order:2;
position:relative;
width:256px
}
.post-outer .thumbnail-empty{
background:0 0
}
.post-outer .snippet-thumbnail-img{
background-position:center;
background-repeat:no-repeat;
background-size:cover;
width:100%;
height:100%
}
.post-outer .snippet-thumbnail img{
max-height:100%
}
.post-title-container{
margin-bottom:16px
}
.post-bottom{
-webkit-box-align:baseline;
-webkit-align-items:baseline;
-ms-flex-align:baseline;
align-items:baseline;
display:-webkit-box;
display:-webkit-flex;
display:-ms-flexbox;
display:flex;
-webkit-box-pack:justify;
-webkit-justify-content:space-between;
-ms-flex-pack:justify;
justify-content:space-between
}
.post-share-buttons-bottom{
float:left
}
.footer{
-webkit-box-flex:0;
-webkit-flex:0 0 auto;
-ms-flex:0 0 auto;
flex:0 0 auto;
margin:auto auto 0 auto;
padding-bottom:32px;
width:auto
}
.post-header-container{
margin-bottom:12px
}
.post-header-container .post-share-buttons-top{
float:right
}
.post-header-container .post-header{
float:$startSide
}
.byline{
display:inline-block;
margin-bottom:8px
}
.byline,.byline a,.flat-button{
color:$(feed.button.color);
font:$(feed.button.font)
}
.flat-button.ripple .splash{
background-color:rgba($(feed.button.color.red),$(feed.button.color.green),$(feed.button.color.blue),.4)
}
.flat-button.ripple:hover{
background-color:rgba($(feed.button.color.red),$(feed.button.color.green),$(feed.button.color.blue),.12)
}
.post-footer .byline{
text-transform:uppercase
}
.post-comment-link{
line-height:1
}
.blog-pager{
float:$endSide;
margin-$endSide:468px;
margin-top:48px
}
.FeaturedPost{
margin-bottom:56px
}
.FeaturedPost h3{
margin:16px 136px 8px 136px
}
.shown-ad{
margin-bottom:85px;
margin-top:85px
}
.shown-ad .inline-ad{
display:block;
max-width:$(feed.width - 604px)
}
body.feed-view .shown-ad:last-child{
display:none
}
.post-title,.post-title a{
color:$(feed.title.color);
font:$(feed.title.font);
line-height:1.3333333333
}
.feed-message{
color:$(feed.subtitle.color);
font:$(feed.subtitle.font);
margin-bottom:52px
}
.post-header-container .byline,.post-header-container .byline a{
color:$(feed.subtitle.color);
font:$(feed.subtitle.font)
}
.post-header-container .byline.post-author:not(:last-child)::after{
content:"\b7"
}
.post-header-container .byline.post-author:not(:last-child){
margin-$endSide:0
}
.post-snippet-container{
font:$(feed.text.font)
}
.sharing-button{
text-transform:uppercase;
word-break:normal
}
.post-outer-container .svg-icon-24{
fill:$(feed.button.color)
}
.post-body{
color:$(feed.text.color);
font:$(feed.text.font);
line-height:2;
margin-bottom:24px
}
.blog-pager .blog-pager-older-link{
color:$(feed.button.color);
float:right;
font:$(feed.button.font);
text-transform:uppercase
}
.no-posts-message{
margin:32px
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-title-container{
background-color:$(item.title.background.color);
box-sizing:border-box;
margin-bottom:-1px;
padding-bottom:86px;
padding-$endSide:290px;
padding-$startSide:140px;
padding-top:124px;
width:100%
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-title,body.item-view .Blog .post-title a{
color:$(item.title.color);
font:$(item.title.font);
line-height:1.4166666667;
margin-bottom:0
}
body.item-view .Blog{
margin:0;
margin-bottom:85px;
padding:0
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-content{
margin-$endSide:0;
max-width:none
}
body.item-view .comments,body.item-view .shown-ad,body.item-view .widget.Blog .post-bottom{
margin-bottom:0;
margin-$endSide:400px;
margin-$startSide:140px;
margin-top:0
}
body.item-view .widget.Header header p{
max-width:$(feed.width - 540px)
}
body.item-view .shown-ad{
margin-bottom:24px;
margin-top:24px
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-header-container{
padding-$startSide:140px
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-header-container .post-author-profile-pic-container{
background-color:$(item.title.background.color);
border-top:1px solid $(item.title.background.color);
float:$startSide;
height:84px;
margin-$endSide:24px;
margin-$startSide:-140px;
padding-$startSide:140px
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-author-profile-pic{
max-height:100%
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-header{
float:$startSide;
height:84px
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-header>*{
position:relative;
top:50%;
-webkit-transform:translateY(-50%);
-ms-transform:translateY(-50%);
transform:translateY(-50%)
}
body.item-view .post-body{
color:$(body.text.color);
font:$(body.text.font);
line-height:2
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-body-container{
padding-$endSide:290px;
position:relative;
margin-$startSide:140px;
margin-top:20px;
margin-bottom:32px
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-body{
margin-bottom:0;
margin-$endSide:110px
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-body::first-letter{
float:$startSide;
font-size:$(body.text.font.size * 2 * 2);
font-weight:600;
line-height:1;
margin-$endSide:16px
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-body div[style*="text-align: center"]::first-letter{
float:none;
font-size:inherit;
font-weight:inherit;
line-height:inherit;
margin-right:0
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-body::first-line{
color:$(item.action.color)
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-body-container .post-sidebar{
$endSide:0;
position:absolute;
top:0;
width:290px
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-body-container .post-sidebar .sharing-button{
display:inline-block
}
.widget.Attribution{
clear:both;
font:$(attribution.text.font);
padding-top:2em
}
.widget.Attribution .blogger{
margin:12px
}
.widget.Attribution svg{
fill:$(attribution.icon.color)
}
body.item-view .PopularPosts{
margin-$startSide:140px
}
body.item-view .PopularPosts .widget-content>ul{
padding-left:0
}
body.item-view .PopularPosts .widget-content>ul>li{
display:block
}
body.item-view .PopularPosts .post-content{
margin-$endSide:76px;
max-width:664px
}
body.item-view .PopularPosts .post:not(:last-child){
margin-bottom:85px
}
body.item-view .post-body-container img{
height:auto;
max-width:100%
}
body.item-view .PopularPosts>.title{
color:$(item.subtitle.color);
font:$(item.subtitle.font);
margin-bottom:36px
}
body.item-view .post-sidebar .post-labels-sidebar{
margin-top:48px;
min-width:150px
}
body.item-view .post-sidebar .post-labels-sidebar h3{
color:$(body.text.color);
font:$(item.action.font);
margin-bottom:16px
}
body.item-view .post-sidebar .post-labels-sidebar a{
color:$(item.action.color);
display:block;
font:$(item.label.font);
font-style:italic;
line-height:2
}
body.item-view blockquote{
font:$(item.blockquote.font);
font-style:italic;
quotes:"\201c" "\201d" "\2018" "\2019"
}
body.item-view blockquote::before{
content:open-quote
}
body.item-view blockquote::after{
content:close-quote
}
body.item-view .post-bottom{
display:-webkit-box;
display:-webkit-flex;
display:-ms-flexbox;
display:flex;
float:none
}
body.item-view .widget.Blog .post-share-buttons-bottom{
-webkit-box-flex:0;
-webkit-flex:0 1 auto;
-ms-flex:0 1 auto;
flex:0 1 auto;
-webkit-box-ordinal-group:3;
-webkit-order:2;
-ms-flex-order:2;
order:2
}
body.item-view .widget.Blog .post-footer{
line-height:1;
margin-$endSide:24px
}
.widget.Blog body.item-view .post-bottom{
margin-$endSide:0;
margin-bottom:80px
}
body.item-view .post-footer .post-labels .byline-label{
color:$(body.text.color);
font:$(item.action.font)
}
body.item-view .post-footer .post-labels a{
color:$(item.action.color);
display:inline-block;
font:$(item.label.font);
line-height:2
}
body.item-view .post-footer .post-labels a:not(:last-child)::after{
content:", "
}
body.item-view #comments{
border-top:0;
padding:0
}
body.item-view #comments h3.title{
color:$(item.subtitle.color);
font:$(item.subtitle.font);
margin-bottom:48px
}
body.item-view #comments .comment-form h4{
position:absolute;
clip:rect(1px,1px,1px,1px);
padding:0;
border:0;
height:1px;
width:1px;
overflow:hidden
}
.heroPost{
display:-webkit-box;
display:-webkit-flex;
display:-ms-flexbox;
display:flex;
position:relative
}
.widget.Blog .heroPost{
margin-$startSide:-136px
}
.heroPost .big-post-title .post-snippet{
color:$(heropost.main.text.color)
}
.heroPost.noimage .post-snippet{
color:$(heropost.secondary.text.color)
}
.heroPost .big-post-image-top{
display:none;
background-size:cover;
background-position:center
}
.heroPost .big-post-title{
background-color:$(heropost.main.background.color);
box-sizing:border-box;
-webkit-box-flex:1;
-webkit-flex:1 1 auto;
-ms-flex:1 1 auto;
flex:1 1 auto;
max-width:$(feed.width - 392px);
min-width:0;
padding-bottom:84px;
padding-$endSide:76px;
padding-$startSide:136px;
padding-top:76px
}
.heroPost.noimage .big-post-title{
-webkit-box-flex:1;
-webkit-flex:1 0 auto;
-ms-flex:1 0 auto;
flex:1 0 auto;
max-width:480px;
width:480px
}
.heroPost .big-post-title h3{
margin:0 0 24px
}
.heroPost .big-post-title h3 a{
color:$(heropost.main.title.color)
}
.heroPost .big-post-title .post-body{
color:$(heropost.main.text.color)
}
.heroPost .big-post-title .item-byline{
color:$(heropost.main.text.color);
margin-bottom:24px
}
.heroPost .big-post-title .item-byline .post-timestamp{
display:block
}
.heroPost .big-post-title .item-byline a{
color:$(heropost.main.text.color)
}
.heroPost .byline,.heroPost .byline a,.heroPost .flat-button{
color:$(heropost.main.button.color)
}
.heroPost .flat-button.ripple .splash{
background-color:rgba($(heropost.main.button.color.red),$(heropost.main.button.color.green),$(heropost.main.button.color.blue),.4)
}
.heroPost .flat-button.ripple:hover{
background-color:rgba($(heropost.main.button.color.red),$(heropost.main.button.color.green),$(heropost.main.button.color.blue),.12)
}
.heroPost .big-post-image{
background-position:center;
background-repeat:no-repeat;
background-size:cover;
-webkit-box-flex:0;
-webkit-flex:0 0 auto;
-ms-flex:0 0 auto;
flex:0 0 auto;
width:392px
}
.heroPost .big-post-text{
background-color:$(heropost.secondary.background.color);
box-sizing:border-box;
color:$(heropost.secondary.text.color);
-webkit-box-flex:1;
-webkit-flex:1 1 auto;
-ms-flex:1 1 auto;
flex:1 1 auto;
min-width:0;
padding:48px
}
.heroPost .big-post-text .post-snippet-fade{
color:$(heropost.secondary.text.color);
background:-webkit-linear-gradient(right,$(heropost.secondary.background.color),$(heropost.secondary.background.color.transparent));
background:linear-gradient(to left,$(heropost.secondary.background.color),$(heropost.secondary.background.color.transparent))
}
.heroPost .big-post-text .byline,.heroPost .big-post-text .byline a,.heroPost .big-post-text .jump-link,.heroPost .big-post-text .sharing-button{
color:$(heropost.secondary.button.color)
}
.heroPost .big-post-text .snippet-item::first-letter{
color:$(heropost.secondary.dropcap.color);
float:left;
font-weight:700;
margin-right:12px
}
.sidebar-container{
background-color:$(sidebar.backgroundColor)
}
body.sidebar-visible .sidebar-container{
box-shadow:0 0 20px 0 rgba(0,0,0,.7)
}
.sidebar-container .svg-icon-24{
fill:$(sidebar.icon.color)
}
.sidebar-container .navigation .sidebar-back{
float:right
}
.sidebar-container .widget{
padding-right:16px;
margin-right:0;
margin-left:38px
}
.sidebar-container .widget+.widget{
border-top:solid 1px #bdbdbd
}
.sidebar-container .widget .title{
font:$(sidebar.widget.title.font)
}
.collapsible{
width:100%
}
.widget.Profile{
border-top:0;
margin:0;
margin-left:38px;
margin-top:24px;
padding-right:0
}
body.sidebar-visible .widget.Profile{
margin-left:0
}
.widget.Profile h2{
display:none
}
.widget.Profile h3.title{
color:$(sidebar.profile.title.color);
margin:16px 32px
}
.widget.Profile .individual{
text-align:center
}
.widget.Profile .individual .default-avatar-wrapper .avatar-icon{
margin:auto
}
.widget.Profile .team{
margin-bottom:32px;
margin-left:32px;
margin-right:32px
}
.widget.Profile ul{
list-style:none;
padding:0
}
.widget.Profile li{
margin:10px 0;
text-align:left
}
.widget.Profile .profile-img{
border-radius:50%;
float:none
}
.widget.Profile .profile-info{
margin-bottom:12px
}
.profile-snippet-fade{
background:-webkit-linear-gradient(right,$(sidebar.backgroundColor) 0,$(sidebar.backgroundColor) 20%,$(sidebar.backgroundColor.transparent) 100%);
background:linear-gradient(to left,$(sidebar.backgroundColor) 0,$(sidebar.backgroundColor) 20%,$(sidebar.backgroundColor.transparent) 100%);
height:1.7em;
position:absolute;
right:16px;
top:11.7em;
width:96px
}
.profile-snippet-fade::after{
content:"\2026";
float:right
}
.widget.Profile .profile-location{
color:$(sidebar.profile.text.color);
font-size:16px;
margin:0;
opacity:.74
}
.widget.Profile .team-member .profile-link::after{
clear:both;
content:"";
display:table
}
.widget.Profile .team-member .profile-name{
word-break:break-word
}
.widget.Profile .profile-datablock .profile-link{
color:$(sidebar.profile.title.color);
font:$(sidebar.profile.link.font);
font-size:24px;
text-transform:none;
word-break:break-word
}
.widget.Profile .profile-datablock .profile-link+div{
margin-top:16px!important
}
.widget.Profile .profile-link{
font:$(sidebar.profile.link.font);
font-size:14px
}
.widget.Profile .profile-textblock{
color:$(sidebar.profile.text.color);
font-size:14px;
line-height:24px;
margin:0 18px;
opacity:.74;
overflow:hidden;
position:relative;
word-break:break-word
}
.widget.Label .list-label-widget-content li a{
width:100%;
word-wrap:break-word
}
.extendable .show-less,.extendable .show-more{
font:$(sidebar.profile.link.font);
font-size:14px;
margin:0 -8px
}
.widget.BlogArchive .post-count{
color:$(body.text.color)
}
.Label li{
margin:16px 0
}
.Label li:last-child{
margin-bottom:0
}
.post-snippet.snippet-container{
max-height:$(body.text.font.size * 4 * 2)
}
.post-snippet .snippet-item{
line-height:$(body.text.font.size * 2)
}
.post-snippet .snippet-fade{
background:-webkit-linear-gradient($startSide,$(body.background.color) 0,$(body.background.color) 20%,$(body.background.color.transparent) 100%);
background:linear-gradient(to $startSide,$(body.background.color) 0,$(body.background.color) 20%,$(body.background.color.transparent) 100%);
color:$(body.text.color);
height:$(body.text.font.size * 2)
}
.hero-post-snippet.snippet-container{
max-height:$(body.text.font.size * 4 * 2)
}
.hero-post-snippet .snippet-item{
line-height:$(body.text.font.size * 2)
}
.hero-post-snippet .snippet-fade{
background:-webkit-linear-gradient($startSide,$(heropost.main.background.color) 0,$(heropost.main.background.color) 20%,$(heropost.main.background.color.transparent) 100%);
background:linear-gradient(to $startSide,$(heropost.main.background.color) 0,$(heropost.main.background.color) 20%,$(heropost.main.background.color.transparent) 100%);
color:$(heropost.main.text.color);
height:$(body.text.font.size * 2)
}
.hero-post-snippet a{
color:$(heropost.main.link.color)
}
.hero-post-noimage-snippet.snippet-container{
max-height:$(body.text.font.size * 8 * 2)
}
.hero-post-noimage-snippet .snippet-item{
line-height:$(body.text.font.size * 2)
}
.hero-post-noimage-snippet .snippet-fade{
background:-webkit-linear-gradient($startSide,$(heropost.secondary.background.color) 0,$(heropost.secondary.background.color) 20%,$(heropost.secondary.background.color.transparent) 100%);
background:linear-gradient(to $startSide,$(heropost.secondary.background.color) 0,$(heropost.secondary.background.color) 20%,$(heropost.secondary.background.color.transparent) 100%);
color:$(heropost.secondary.text.color);
height:$(body.text.font.size * 2)
}
.popular-posts-snippet.snippet-container{
max-height:$(body.text.font.size * 4 * 2)
}
.popular-posts-snippet .snippet-item{
line-height:$(body.text.font.size * 2)
}
.popular-posts-snippet .snippet-fade{
background:-webkit-linear-gradient($startSide,$(body.background.color) 0,$(body.background.color) 20%,$(body.background.color.transparent) 100%);
background:linear-gradient(to $startSide,$(body.background.color) 0,$(body.background.color) 20%,$(body.background.color.transparent) 100%);
color:$(body.text.color);
height:$(body.text.font.size * 2)
}
.profile-snippet.snippet-container{
max-height:192px
}
.profile-snippet .snippet-item{
line-height:24px
}
.profile-snippet .snippet-fade{
background:-webkit-linear-gradient($startSide,$(sidebar.backgroundColor) 0,$(sidebar.backgroundColor) 20%,$(sidebar.backgroundColor.transparent) 100%);
background:linear-gradient(to $startSide,$(sidebar.backgroundColor) 0,$(sidebar.backgroundColor) 20%,$(sidebar.backgroundColor.transparent) 100%);
color:$(sidebar.profile.text.color);
height:24px
}
.hero-post-noimage-snippet .snippet-item::first-letter{
font-size:$(body.text.font.size * 4);
line-height:$(body.text.font.size * 4)
}
#comments a,#comments cite,#comments div{
font-size:16px;
line-height:1.4
}
#comments .comment .comment-header .user,#comments .comment .comment-header .user a{
color:$(body.text.color);
font:$(item.action.font)
}
#comments .comment .comment-header .datetime a{
color:$(item.subtitle.color);
font:$(item.action.font)
}
#comments .comment .comment-header .datetime a::before{
content:"\b7 "
}
#comments .comment .comment-content{
margin-top:6px
}
#comments .comment .comment-actions{
color:$(item.action.color);
font:$(item.action.font)
}
#comments .continue{
display:none
}
#comments .comment-footer{
margin-top:8px
}
.cmt_iframe_holder{
margin-$startSide:140px!important
}
body.variant-rockpool_deep_orange .centered-top-secondline .PageList .overflow-popup li a{
color:#000
}
body.variant-rockpool_pink .blog-name h1,body.variant-rockpool_pink .blog-name h1 a{
text-transform:none
}
body.variant-rockpool_deep_orange .post-filter-message{
background-color:$(header.background.color)
}
@media screen and (max-width:$(feed.width + sidebar.width + 20px - 1px)){
.page{
float:none;
margin:0 auto;
max-width:none!important
}
.page_body{
max-width:$(feed.width);
margin:0 auto
}
}
@media screen and (max-width:1280px){
.heroPost .big-post-image{
display:table-cell;
left:auto;
position:static;
top:auto
}
.heroPost .big-post-title{
display:table-cell
}
}
@media screen and (max-width:1168px){
.centered-top-container,.centered-top-placeholder{
padding:24px 24px 32px 24px
}
.sticky{
padding:0 24px
}
.subscribe-section-container{
margin-$startSide:48px
}
.hamburger-section{
margin-left:48px
}
.big-post-text-inner,.big-post-title-inner{
margin:0 auto;
max-width:920px
}
.centered-top{
padding:0;
max-width:920px
}
.Blog{
padding:0
}
body.item-view .Blog{
padding:0 24px;
margin:0 auto;
max-width:920px
}
.post-filter-description{
margin-$endSide:36px
}
.post-outer{
display:block
}
.post-content{
max-width:none;
margin:0
}
.post-outer .snippet-thumbnail{
width:920px;
height:613.3333333333px;
margin-bottom:16px
}
.post-outer .snippet-thumbnail.thumbnail-empty{
display:none
}
.shown-ad .inline-ad{
max-width:100%
}
body.item-view .Blog{
padding:0;
max-width:none
}
.post-filter-message{
margin:24px calc((100% - 920px)/ 2);
max-width:none
}
.FeaturedPost h3,body.feed-view .blog-posts,body.feed-view .feed-message{
margin-left:calc((100% - 920px)/ 2);
margin-right:calc((100% - 920px)/ 2)
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-title-container{
padding:62px calc((100% - 920px)/ 2) 24px
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-header-container{
padding-$startSide:calc((100% - 920px)/ 2)
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-body-container,body.item-view .comments,body.item-view .post-outer-container>.shown-ad,body.item-view .widget.Blog .post-bottom{
margin:32px calc((100% - 920px)/ 2);
padding:0
}
body.item-view .cmt_iframe_holder{
margin:32px 24px!important
}
.blog-pager{
margin-left:calc((100% - 920px)/ 2);
margin-right:calc((100% - 920px)/ 2)
}
body.item-view .post-bottom{
margin:0 auto;
max-width:968px
}
body.item-view .PopularPosts .post-content{
max-width:100%;
margin-right:0
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-body{
margin-$endSide:0
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-sidebar{
display:none
}
body.item-view .widget.Blog .post-share-buttons-bottom{
margin-$endSide:24px
}
body.item-view .PopularPosts{
margin:0 auto;
max-width:920px
}
body.item-view .comment-thread-title{
margin-$startSide:calc((100% - 920px)/ 2)
}
.heroPost{
display:block
}
.heroPost .big-post-title{
display:block;
max-width:none;
padding:24px
}
.heroPost .big-post-image{
display:none
}
.heroPost .big-post-image-top{
display:block;
height:613.3333333333px;
margin:0 auto;
max-width:920px
}
.heroPost .big-post-image-top-container{
background-color:$(heropost.main.background.color)
}
.heroPost.noimage .big-post-title{
max-width:none;
width:100%
}
.heroPost.noimage .big-post-text{
position:static;
width:100%
}
.heroPost .big-post-text{
padding:24px
}
}
@media screen and (max-width:968px){
body{
font-size:$(body.text.font.size * 14 / 20)
}
.post-header-container .byline,.post-header-container .byline a{
font-size:14px
}
.post-title,.post-title a{
font-size:24px
}
.post-outer .snippet-thumbnail{
width:100%;
height:calc((100vw - 48px) * 2 / 3)
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-title-container{
padding:62px 24px 24px 24px
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-header-container{
padding-$startSide:24px
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-body-container,body.item-view .PopularPosts,body.item-view .comments,body.item-view .post-outer-container>.shown-ad,body.item-view .widget.Blog .post-bottom{
margin:32px 24px;
padding:0
}
.FeaturedPost h3,body.feed-view .blog-posts,body.feed-view .feed-message{
margin-left:24px;
margin-right:24px
}
.post-filter-message{
margin:24px 24px 48px 24px
}
body.item-view blockquote{
font-size:18px
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-title{
font-size:$(item.title.font.size * 24 / 48)
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-body{
font-size:$(body.text.font.size * 14 / 20)
}
body.item-view .Blog .post-body::first-letter{
font-size:$(body.text.font.size * 14 / 20 * 4);
line-height:$(body.text.font.size * 14 / 20 * 4)
}
.main_header_elements{
position:relative;
display:block
}
.search.focused .section{
margin-right:0;
width:100%
}
html[dir=ltr] .search form{
margin-right:0
}
.hamburger-section{
margin-left:24px
}
.search-expand-icon{
display:block;
float:left;
height:24px;
margin-top:-12px
}
.search-expand-text{
display:none
}
.subscribe-section-container{
margin-top:12px
}
.subscribe-section-container{
float:$startSide;
margin-$startSide:0
}
.search-expand{
position:absolute;
$endSide:0;
top:0
}
html[dir=ltr] .search-expand{
margin-left:24px
}
.centered-top.search-focused .subscribe-section-container{
opacity:0
}
.blog-name{
float:none
}
.blog-name{
margin-$endSide:36px
}
.centered-top-secondline .PageList li{
margin-$endSide:24px
}
.centered-top.search-focused .subscribe-button,.centered-top.search-focused .subscribe-section-container{
opacity:1
}
body.item-view .comment-thread-title{
margin-$startSide:24px
}
.blog-pager{
margin-left:24px;
margin-right:24px
}
.heroPost .big-post-image-top{
width:100%;
height:calc(100vw * 2 / 3)
}
.popular-posts-snippet.snippet-container,.post-snippet.snippet-container{
font-size:14px;
max-height:112px
}
.popular-posts-snippet .snippet-item,.post-snippet .snippet-item{
line-height:2
}
.popular-posts-snippet .snippet-fade,.post-snippet .snippet-fade{
height:28px
}
.hero-post-snippet.snippet-container{
font-size:14px;
max-height:112px
}
.hero-post-snippet .snippet-item{
line-height:2
}
.hero-post-snippet .snippet-fade{
height:28px
}
.hero-post-noimage-snippet.snippet-container{
font-size:14px;
line-height:2;
max-height:224px
}
.hero-post-noimage-snippet .snippet-item{
line-height:2
}
.hero-post-noimage-snippet .snippet-fade{
height:28px
}
.hero-post-noimage-snippet .snippet-item::first-letter{
font-size:56px;
line-height:normal
}
body.item-view .post-body-container .separator[style*="text-align: center"] a[imageanchor="1"]{
margin-left:-24px!important;
margin-right:-24px!important
}
body.item-view .post-body-container .separator[style*="text-align: center"] a[imageanchor="1"][style*="float: left;"],body.item-view .post-body-container .separator[style*="text-align: center"] a[imageanchor="1"][style*="float: right;"]{
margin-left:0!important;
margin-right:0!important
}
body.item-view .post-body-container .separator[style*="text-align: center"] a[imageanchor="1"][style*="float: left;"] img,body.item-view .post-body-container .separator[style*="text-align: center"] a[imageanchor="1"][style*="float: right;"] img{
max-width:100%
}
}
@media screen and (min-width:$(feed.width + sidebar.width + 20px)){
.page{
float:left
}
.centered-top{
max-width:$(feed.width + sidebar.width);
padding:44px $(sidebar.width + 136px) 32px 136px
}
.sidebar-container{
box-shadow:none;
float:right;
max-width:$(sidebar.width);
z-index:32
}
.sidebar-container .navigation{
display:none
}
.hamburger-section,.sticky .hamburger-section{
display:none
}
.search.focused .section{
margin-right:0;
width:100%
}
#footer{
padding-right:$(sidebar.width)
}
}
]]>


body#layout .hidden,
body#layout .invisible {
display: inherit;
}
body#layout .navigation {
display: none;
}
body#layout .page {
display: inline-block;
vertical-align: top;
width: 55%;
}
body#layout .sidebar-container {
display: inline-block;
float: right;
width: 40%;
}
body#layout .hamburger-menu,
body#layout .search {
display: none;
}
]]>


















































































On the homepage, add a 'recent posts' title before the first standard post.


Cap the total number of ads (widgets and inline ads).

Filter out the featured post, but only on the homepage.

















































Show a 'read more' link if no jump link is present.



Mark parent byline element as a flat-button.




































































No title for single profiles. Default to 'Blog authors' for team.










false true true true
Show a 'read more' link if no jump link is present. Mark parent byline element as a flat-button.
false #6c71ac true true #ffffff false true #eeeeee TextAndImage #000000 false 1x1 true true true 1 false #000000 false false On the homepage, add a 'recent posts' title before the first standard post.
Cap the total number of ads (widgets and inline ads). Filter out the featured post, but only on the homepage.































































































Show a 'read more' link if no jump link is present.






















Mark parent byline element as a flat-button.









3
true
true
LAST_YEAR


































Show a 'read more' link if no jump link is present.






Mark parent byline element as a flat-button.








]]>






false
false
false
BLACK_TRANSPARENT
ALL_TIME





http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_72V1fBacfXo/S7aDVYTR5NI/AAAAAAAAACE/W_6RMAKJO5k/S660/blogfooter2.jpg 48 660 false 660 http://www.thebhc.org