Abstract

The History of Entrepreneurship Backward: An Exploratory Approach From Industrial Archaeology

There is a growing interest in the intersection between entrepreneurship, history, and context, to reinvent the history of the former. Mainly, this has been addressed by the individual entrepreneur, the firm, the region where the entrepreneurial experience took place, and the context under these processes was carried out but forgetting the outcomes that were produced because of this. Wadhwani & Lubinski (2017) propose to reinvent entrepreneurial history as a research field, approaching its study on the creative processes that propel economic change. The present proposal focused on an understudied approach in entrepreneurship: artifacts, its outcomes, i.e. products and services, and who are beginning to have attention in the entrepreneurship literature seeing opportunities as artifacts (Berglund, Bousfiha & Mansoori, 2020). Therefore, a conceptual proposal is made from industrial archeology (IA) to potentially analyze and understand the entrepreneurial processes. After an extensive literature review, is proposed to see its process in a backward vista, from the artifacts (products and services, including those digital), taking from IA its methods to analyze them. Thus, it is suggested it is possible from IA to analyze the history of entrepreneurship, as the artifact can give specific and valuable information regarding the processes under which they were conceptualized, design, produced, sold, adapt, or get obsoleted.