2003 Program

2003 Annual Meeting Program
Lowell, Massachusetts
June 26-28, 2003

Held Jointly with the
European Business History Association

"Regions, Nations, and Globalization"

Session 1, 1:00-2:45 p.m.

a. State Policy in Communications
Concord East
Chair: Richard John, University of Illinois at Chicago
Comment: David Gabel, City University of New York, Queens

Christopher Beauchamp, Cambridge University
Government and the Telephone Patents in Britain and the United States, 1876-1897

Santiago Lopez, Universidad de Salamanca
The Role of Telefonica: The Internationalization of Telecommunications in Spain, 1970-2000
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

b. Americanization
Concord Center and West
Chair: Helen Shapiro, University of California at Santa Cruz
Comment: William Childs, Ohio State University

Ken Durr, History Associates Incorporated
The Developmental Dilemma: The International Basic Economy Corporation and the Limits of Corporate Social Responsibility, 1947-1980

Núria Puig and Adoracion Álvaro, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
International Aid and National Entrepreneurship: A Comparative Analysis of Pro-American Business Networks in Southern Europe, 1950-1975
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

c. Metropolitan Economies
Chair: Carol Heim, University of Massachusetts at Amherst
Comment: Zachary Schrag, Baruch College, CUNY

Francesca Antolin, Universitat de Barcelona
Global Strategies and National Performance: Explaining the Singularities of the Spanish Electricity Supply Industry
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

Anna Aubanell-Jubany, Universitat Pompeu Fabra
Cartel Stability in the Electricity Industry: The Case of Electricity Distribution in Madrid in the Inter-War Period
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

Pascal Desabres, Université de Paris IV, Sorbonne
The Project of a Métropolitain of Paris in the 1880-1900 Decades: Local or National Line? The Globalization Concept in Debate
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

d. Diversification Strategy
Merrimack Center and West
Chair: Danny Breznitz, MIT
Comment: Chris Kobrak, ESCP-EAP (European Management School

Gerben Bakker, London School of Economics
Tradable Amusements: The Globalization of the Entertainment Industry and the Western World, 1776-1940

Bram Bouwens, Utrecht University
Internationalisation of the Dutch Paper and Board Industry, 1965-2000

Teresa da Silva Lopes, Said Business School, University of Oxford
Diversification Strategies in the Global Drinks Industry

e. Commerce, Banking, and Peripheral Regions
Merrimack East
Chair: Duncan Ross, University of Glasgow
Comment: Jane Knodell, University of Vermont, and Vesela Veleva, University of Massachusetts Lowell

Tony Webster, Edge Hill College of Higher Education
An Early Global Business in a Colonial Context: The Strategies, Management, and Failure of John Palmer and Co. of Calcutta, c. 1800 to 1830

Ioanna Pepelasis Minoglou, Athens University of Economics and Business, and Stavros Ionnides,Panteion University
Nineteenth-Century Greek Diaspora Trading Houses of the Black Sea Region: From Individual Entrepreneur to Multi-Person Organization

Eva-Maria Stolberg, University of Bonn
Emergence and Re-Emergence of Siberia in the Transnational Economy of the East Asian-Pacific Rim, 1890-1914, 1990-2000

Neven Borak, Securities Market Agency
Local or Global: A Comparison of Slovenian Economic Integration into Wider Economic Areas at the End of the Nineteenth Century and at the End of the Twentieth Century

Plenary: Krooss Prize Dissertation Session
3:00-4:45 p.m.
, Middlesex and Pawtucket
Chair: Rowena Olegario, Vanderbilt University

Gerben Bakker, London School of Economics
Entertainment Industrialized: The Emergence of the International Film Industry, 1890-1940

Leslie Berlin, Stanford University
Entrepreneurship and the Rise of Silicon Valley: The Career of Robert Noyce, 1956-1990

Teresa da Silva Lopes, Said Business School, University of Oxford
The Growth and Survival of Multinationals in the Global Alcoholic Beverage Industry

Mark Wilson, University of North Carolina at Charlotte
The Business of Civil War: Military Enterprise, the State, and Political Economy in the United States, 1850-1880

FRIDAY, June 27

Continental Breakfast
7:30-9:30 a.m.

Special Session, 7:30-8:15 a.m.
Concord East

Tensions of Europe: Technology and the Making of Twentieth-Century Europe
Moderator: Thomas Misa, Illinois Institute of Technology

Organizers of a large collaborative project that explores "the role of technology in the making of twentieth-century Europe" would like to meet with interested BHC and EBHA members. Our project presently has ten research groups, each with a mix of European and North American scholars from varied disciplines. This informational meeting will present the current state of the project, with an eye toward wider participation by business and economic historians. For further information, please visit the project Web site or contact Tom Misa.

Session 2, 8:30-10:15 a.m.

a. Chandler Redux
Junior Ballroom
Chair: Takashi Hikino, University of Kyoto
Comment: JoAnne Yates, MIT

Franco Amatori, Bocconi University
Big Business and European Unification: Is the Chandlerian Model Still Sustainable?

Mark Fruin, San Jose State University, and Kazuhiro Taniguchi, Keio University
The Disjointed Hand: The Coordination Failure of Modern Firms in Japan

Richard Langlois, University of Connecticut
Chandler in a Larger Frame: Markets, Transaction Costs, and Organizational Form in History
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

b. Industrial Districts after 1970
Concord Center and West
Chair: Jonathan Zeitlin, University of Wisconsin at Madison
Comment: Michel Lescure, University of Paris, Nanterre

Michael Best, University of Massachusetts Lowell
Lowell's Industrial Regeneration: Dynamic Technological Capabilities
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

Anna Spadavecchia, University of Reading
Financing Industrial Districts in Italy, 1971-1991: A Private Venture?

c. The Genesis of Modern Management in China
Chair: David Pong, University of Delaware
Comment: Madeline Zelin, Columbia University

Chi-Kong Lai, University of Queensland
Merchants' Discourse of Self in Modern China

Stephen Morgan, University of Melbourne
China's Encounter with Scientific Management in the 1920s-1930s
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

Ning Jennifer Chang, Institute of Modern History, Academia Sinica
Vertical Integration and Business Diversification: The Case of the China Egg Produce Company in Shanghai, 1923-1950

Man Bun Kwan, University of Cincinnati
Managing Market, Hierarchies, and Networks: The Jiuda-Yongli Chemical Group, 1917-1937

d. Americanization and Resistance
Merrimack Center and West
Chair: Patrick Fridenson, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales
Comment: Erik Bloemen, Free University, Amsterdam

Rolv Petter Amdam, Norwegian School of Management, and Marie-Laure Djelic, ESSEC
Processual Americanization: Postwar Changes in the French and Norwegian Business Systems

Susanne Hilger, University of Erlangen-Nurnberg
Pacemakers of Globalization in the German Industry: Corporate Strategies at Siemens, Daimler-Benz, and Henkel, 1945-1975
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

e. Knowledge
Concord East
Chair: Kristine Bruland, Historisk Institutt, Universitetet i Oslo
Comment: Daniel Raff, University of Pennsylvania

Ove Bjarnar, Molde University College, and Dag Magne Berge, Møre Research Centre, Molde, Norway
Between "learning by learning" and "learned incapacity to learn": The Political Structure of Knowledge Flows in Norwegian and Scottish Fish-Farming

Dario Gaggio, University of Michigan
Local Knowledge and Global Connection in Italy's Gold Jewelry Districts

Francesca Polese, Bocconi University
Traveling for Industry: G. B. Pirelli and the Origins of the Pirelli Rubber Company, 1870-1872

f. Communications
Merrimack East
Chair: Ken Lipartito, Florida International University
Comment: Michael Boyer O'Leary, Boston College

Andrea Giuntini, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia
Italy and the Submarine Strategic Game in the Mediterranean Sea (1850-1880)

Robert MacDougall, Harvard University
The People's Telephone: The Political Culture of Independent Telephony, 1894-1913
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

Session 3, 10:45-12:30 p.m.

a. Corporate Governance (Macro and Micro)
Junior Ballroom
Chair: Will Hausman, College of William and Mary
Comment: Margaret Blair, Georgetown Law School

Andrea Colli, Bocconi University
Convergence Lost: Finance, Governance, and Industry in Italy

Mary O'Sullivan, INSEAD
Historical Patterns of Enterprise Finance: The Case of General Electric

Robin Pearson, University of Hull, and Mikael Lönnborg, University College of South Stockholm
Regulatory Regimes and the Globalisation of Insurance

b. Nationalization and Diversification
Chair: Pier Angelo Toninelli, University of Milan, Bicocca, and University of Trieste
Comment: Andrew Godley, University of Reading

Jim Bamberg, University of Cambridge
The Fragility of Globalisation: Global Firms, Nation States, and the Fragmentation of the International Oil Industry, 1950-1970s

Javier Vidal Olivares, University of Alicante, Spain
Building a Global Network: Iberia, Spanish Airlines, 1940-2000

c. Regions and Industrialization
Concord Center and West
Chair: Jeremy Atack, Vanderbilt University
Comment: Mansel Blackford, Ohio State University

David Hammack, Case Western Reserve University
Explaining Cleveland as an Industrial Region: Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Firms and Industrial Clusters, 1840-1930

Bruno Jégou, Université de Paris IV, Sorbonne
Free Trade and Protectionism in the Brie Region during the Last Third of the Nineteenth Century
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

d. Multinational Enterprises and Local Producers
Merrimack Center and West
Chair: Alice Amsden, MIT
Comment: Alan Dye, Columbia University

Marcelo Bucheli, Stanford University
An American Multinational Enforcing Business Contracts in the Third World Countryside: The United Fruit Company and the Colombian Banana Planters, 1900-1970

Cyrus Veeser, Bentley College
Market Bound: Concessions as a Development Strategy in Latin America

Shakila Yacob, University of Malaya
Beyond Borders: Ford in Malaya, 1926-1957
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

e. R&D
Concord East
Chair: David Hounshell, Carnegie Mellon University
Comment: Peter Wardley, Universitat Pompeu Fabra

Margaret Graham, McGill University
Less Transfer than Transformation: The Formation and Evolution of Corning's Avon Laboratory

Margrit Müller, Institute for Imperial Research in Economics, University of Zurich
The Internationalization of the R&D Activities of Swiss Multinationals: Causes and Consequences

f. Dissertations in Progress
Merrimack East
Chair: Juliet E. K. Walker, University of Texas at Austin

Knut Boge, Norwegian School of Management, Center for Business History
The Development of the Modern Norwegian Road System, Compared to the Development of the Swedish and Danish Road Systems: The "Different" Road System—A Result of Path Dependence, Rent Seeking, and Weak Central Institutions?

Chiara Casalino, Bocconi University
The Globalization before "The Globalization Era": The Internationalization of the Italian Automobile Industry (1946-1966)

Valentina Fava, Bocconi University
Bipolarism and Globalization: The Škoda Standpoint

Tiffany Gill, University of Vermont
"This Industry is not Typical, but Exceptional': African American Beauticians and Beauty Shop Culture in the Depression Era

Lunch, 12:30-1:45 p.m.
River's Edge Restaurant, Doubletree
Commissioned History Roundtable

Chair: Keetie Sluyterman, Onderzoekinstituut voor Geschiedenis en Cultur, University of Utrecht
Comment: The Audience

Glenn Bugos, The Prologue Group
Commissioned Business History in the United States

Joost Dankers, Onderzoekinstituut voor Geschiedenis en Cultur, University of Utrecht

Rolv Petter Amdam, Norwegian School of Management
Commissioned History in Norway

Peter Sorensen, University of Copenhagen

Plenary Session, 2:00-3:45 p.m., Middlesex and Pawtucket
Regions, Nations, Globalization: Research Frontiers, Key Concepts, Model Studies

Moderator: Philip Scranton, Rutgers University


William Mass, University of Massachusetts Lowell
Mary O'Sullivan, INSEAD
John Wilson, University of Nottingham

Session 4, 4:00-5:45 p.m.

a. The Performance of Large Firms: An International Perspective
Concord Center and West
Chair: Geoffrey Jones, Harvard Business School
Comment: Naomi Lamoreaux, UCLA

This project is being carried out within a European, collective, and multidisciplinary framework and relies on research teams in the major European countries. Our aim is to put performance at the very core of business history. We are building a major database combining qualitative and quantitative information on European companies. We have also established links with American and Japanese experts to ensure a global perspective. The project centres are located at the Business History Unit, Economic History Department at the London School of Economics ,and the Maison des Sciences de l'Homme-Alpes, Université Pierre Mendes France, Grenoble. For further information please see: the project Web site or contact the project leader, Professor Youssef Cassis or the Research Officer, Camilla Brautaset.

Albert Carreras and Xavier Tafunell, Universitat Pompeu Fabra
The Profitability of Spanish Firms in a European Perspective

Youssef Cassis, University Pierre Mendès France Grenoble 2, and Camilla Brautaset, London School of Economics
The Performance of European Business in the Twentieth Century
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

Hideaki Miyajima, Yusuke Omi, and Nao Saito Waseda University
Corporate Governance and Performance in Twentieth-Century Japan
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

b. State and Finance
Concord East
Chair: Richard Sylla, New York University
Comment: James Heintz, University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Laure Quennouëlle-Corre, CRNS
State and Banking for Firms' Financing in France, 1945-1970

Grietjie Verhoef, Randse Afrikaanse Universiteit
Economic Empowerment and Performance: Strategies toward Indigenisation/Black Economic Empowerment and the Performance of Such Enterprises in Nigeria and South Africa, from the Early 1970s to 2002

c. Crossing Boundaries: Transportation and the Infrastructure of Globalization
Merrimack Center and West
Chair: Augustus Veenendaal, Institute of Netherlands History
Comment: Mark Rose, Florida Atlantic University

Gregory Thompson, Florida State University
Defining an Alternative Future" Globalization and the Birth of the Light Rail Movement in North America

Margaret Walsh, University of Nottingham
Trans-Atlantic Public Policies: The Role of the State in the Development of Long-Distance Bus Transport

Drew Whitelegg, Emory University
Sowing the Seeds of Globalization: Delta Air Lines, 1970-1995

Merrimack East
Chair: Janet Greenlees, University of Manchester
Comment: Morris D. Morris, Brown University

Bishnupriya Gupta, University of Warwick
Work and Efficiency in Cotton Mills: Did the Indian Entrepreneur Fail?

Janet Hunter, London School of Economics
Optimizing Effort: Institutions, Incentives, and Technology in Japan's Silk and Cotton Mills before the First World War

Tim Leunig, London School of Economics
Can Profitable Arbitrage Opportunities in the Raw Cotton Market Explain Britain's Continued Preference for Mule Spinning?

e. Testimonials
Chair: Pamela Laird, University of Colorado at Denver
Comment: Sara Alpern, Texas A&M University

Elysa Engelman, Boston University
"Dear Mrs. Pinkham": Expanding Intimate Advice Networks into a National Community of Consumers, 1890-1935

Marlis Schweitzer, University of Toronto
Uplifting Makeup: Actresses' Testimonials and the Cosmetics Industry, 1910-1918
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

f. Dissertations in Progress
Chair: Pat Denault, Harvard University

Mitch Larson, University of Wisconsin at Madison
Practically Academic: The Formation of the British Business School
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

Fabio Lavista, Bocconi University
Local Cultures and International Influences among an Italian Group of Management Practitioners after the Second World War
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

Heather E. Nelson, McMaster University
Insuring Canadians: The Wawanesa Mutual Insurance Company to 1976

Yovanna Pineda, Saint Michael's College
Analysis of Manufacturing Profits and Strategies: Industrial Development in Argentina, 1904-1930
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

Reception, 6:30-8:30 p.m.
American Textile History Museum



Continental Breakfast
7:30-9:30 a.m.

Session 5, 8:30-10:15 a.m.

a. National Systems of Innovation
Concord Center and West
Chair: Ross Thomson, University of Vermont
Comment: Johann Peter Murmann, Northwestern University

Mila Davids, Technical University Eindhoven
Innovations in Dutch Shipbuilding: A Systems of Innovation Approach
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

Jari Ojala, University of Jyväskylä
Technology Management and Investment Decisions in a Mature Industry: The Leap of the Nordic Companies to Global Players from the 1960s to 2000

Michelangelo Vasta, University of Siena
National System of Innovation in Historical Perspective: Italy from Unification to the Present, 1861-2000

b. International Financial Architecture
Concord East
Chair: David Sicilia, University of Maryland
Comment: Per H. Hansen, Copenhagen Business School

Gunhild Ecklund, Norwegian School of Management
Conflicts and Cooperation: The IMF and Scandinavia, 1944-1960s
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

David Weiman, Barnard College, and John James, University of Virginia
The Role of the Fed in the Payments System: Historical and Comparative Perspectives

c. Empires
Merrimack East
Chair: Dan Holbrook, Marshall University
Comment: Roger Horowitz, Hagley Museum and Library

Prakash Kumar, Georgia Institute of Technology
Science for the Market: Research Strategies to Improve a Natural Dye, 1897-1914

Caroline Piquet, University of Paris IV, Sorbonne
The Suez Company's Concession, 1854-1956: Making Modern Infrastructure, Destroying the Potentialities of the Local Economy
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

d. Retailing and Distribution
Chair: Regina Blaszczyk, Chemical Heritage Foundation
Comment: Nancy Koehn, Harvard Business School

Insoo Baek, KEIT
The Emergence of Mass Markets and the Dynamics of Retail Forms in Korea
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

Emanuela Scarpellini, University of Milan
American-Style Supermarkets Abroad: Imitation or Adaptation? The Case of Italy

e. Regional Transformation
Merrimack Center and West
Chair: Angel Kwolek-Folland, University of Florida
Comment: Michael Edelstein, Queens College, City University of New York

Karel Davids, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
The Transformation of an Old Industrial District: Firms, Family, and Mutuality in the Zaanstreek between c.1840 and 1920

Jan Jörnmark, Göteborgs Universitet
The Asymmetrical Impact of the First Era of Globalization on Different Swedish Regions

Peter Scott, University of Reading, and Peter Walsh, University of Portsmouth
New Manufacturing Plant Formation, Clustering, and Locational Externalities in 1930s Britain

f. Networks, Nodes, and International Markets
Chair: Rowena Olegario, Vanderbilt University
Comment: Mary Rose, Lancaster University

Andrea Lluch, Universidad Nacional de La Pampa
From Local to Global Markets: The Role and Function of Commercial Networks in the Export Boom of Argentina, 1890-1930—Some Preliminary Notes
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

Lucy Ann Newton, University of Reading
Global Exports and Local Finance: The Funding of Industry in Nineteenth-Century Sheffield

Session 6, 10:45 a.m.-12:30 p.m.

a. Labor
Concord East
Chair: Mary Blewett, University of Massachusetts Lowell
Comment: Howard Stanger, Canisius College

Maura Doherty, Independent Scholar
Firm Location, Gender, and the Global Economy: Lessons from the Local to the Global

Chad Pearson, State University of New York at Albany
"Unlike Any City in the World": Employer Organizations, Welfare Capitalism, and the Open Shop Movement in Worcester, Massachusetts, 1885-1925

b. Indigenous Innovation and Economic Development in East Asia
(Session to honor the memory of Qiwen Lu)
Concord Center and West
Chair: Zhiyuan Cui, Shanghai Jiaotong University and Harvard Law School
Comment: Dic Lo, University of London

Lu Feng, Peking University, and Mu Ling, Tsinghua University
Indigenous Innovation, Capability Development, and Competitive Advantage: The Origins and Development of Competitiveness of the Chinese VCD/DVD Industry

William Lazonick, University of Massachusetts Lowell and INSEAD
Indigenous Innovation and Economic Development: Lessons from "China's Leap into the Information Age"

Kazuo Wada, Tokyo University
Kiichiro Toyoda and the Birth of the Japanese Automobile Industry: Reconsideration of the Toyoda-Platt Agreement

c. Cooperation, Competition, and Industrial Policy
Merrimack East
Chair: Judith Stein, City University of New York
Comment: Robert Forrant, University of Massachusetts Lowell, and David Kirsch, University of Maryland

Paloma Fernández Pérez, University of Barcelona
Family Firms in the Age of Globalization: Cooperation and Competition in Spanish Metal Manufacturing, 1870s-1970s
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

Ágnes Pogány, Budapest University
Cooperation and Competition: Interfirm Relations in Iron and Steel Cartels, 1886-1931: The Case of Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Hungary

Bernard Elbaum, University of California at Santa Cruz
A Long, Contingent Path to Comparative Advantage: Industrial Policy and the Japanese Iron and Steel Industry, 1900-1973

Roberto Ferretti, University of Bologna
Regional Interfirm Cooperation in Italian Industrialisation: The Case of the Mechanical Industry in Bologna during the Twentieth Century

d. Globalization Challenged
Merrimack Center and West Chair: Fred Carstensen, University of Connecticut
Comment: Jan Luiten van Zanden, Utrecht University and International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam

Jeffrey Engel, Yale University
Controlling Globalism's Reach: The Anglo-American Aviation Embargo of Communist China and the Downfall of British Aerospace

e. European Integration
Chair: Terry Gourvish, London School of Economics
Comment: Jonathan Liebowitz, University of Massachusetts Lowell

Peter Miskell, University of Reading
One Market of Many? Unilever's Detergents Business in European Integration

Marine Moguen-Toursel, Institute for European Studies
Strategies of European Automobile Manufacturers Facing the Environmental Standards Implemented by the European Community
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

Neil Rollings, University of Glasgow, and Matthias Kipping, Universitat Pompeu Fabra
Networks of Peak Industrial Federations: The Council of European Industrial Federations (CEIF) and the Council of the Directors of European Industrial Federations (CDEIF)

f. Dissertations in Progress
Chair: Steven Usselman, Georgia Institute of Technology

Daniele Pozzi, Bocconi University
Techno-Managerial Competences in Enrico Mattei’s AGIP: A Prolonged Accumulation Process in an International Relationship Network, 1935-1965
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

Naubahar Sharif, Cornell University
The Role of Firms in the National System Framework: Examples from Hong Kong

Janice M. Traflet, Columbia University
"Own Your Share of American Business: Public Relations at the NYSE during the Cold War
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

Ben Wubs, Erasmus University
International Business and National War Interests: Lever Brothers and Unilever during World War II

Mohamed Sassi, University of Paris IV, the Sorbonne
The Rise of the French Oil Industry between the Two Wars
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

Session 7, 4:15-6:00 p.m.

a. Perspectives on European Business
Concord East
Chair: Ludovic Cailluet, University of Toulouse
Comment: Albert Churella, Southern Polytechnic State University

Renato Giannetti, University of Florence
"Constructing" the Industrial District

Riitta Hjerppe, University of Helsinki
The Significance of Foreign Direct Investment in a Small Industrializing Economy: The Case of Finland in the Interwar Period
    [Abstract]    [Paper]

b. The Global-Local Debate: A Comparison of Industrial Districts in England, China, and the USA
Concord Center and West
Chair: Peter Doeringer, Boston University
Comment: Tim Sturgeon, MIT

Stephen Adams, Salisbury University
Why Is There No Silicon Valley in New Jersey? A Tale of Two High-Tech Regions

Andrew Popp, University of London, and John Wilson, Nottingham University Business School
Historical Perspectives on the Dynamics of Industrial Clustering in England

Kazuhiro Taniguchi, Keio University
The Diversity and Dynamics of Clusters in China: Intercluster Learning and Bridge Organizations in a Global Economy

c. From Small-Scale Agriculture to Exports
Merrimack East
Chair: Franco Amatori, Bocconi University
Comment: Michael Blim, Graduate Center, City University of New York

Franco Amatori, Bocconi University
From Small Agriculture to Export-Oriented Industries

José Antonio Miranda, Universidad de Alicante
The Expansion of Spanish Footwear Exports: The Role of the Industrial Districts

Patrizia Sabbatucci Severini, University of Macerata
Regions, Nations, Globalization: A Case Study of the Marches Region

Carl Weinberg, North Georgia College and University
Big Dixie Chicken Goes Global: Exports and the North Georgia Poultry Industry
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

d. Japanese Business History
Merrimack Center and West
Chair: Tony Slaven, University of Glasgow
Comment: Harold Livesay, Texas A&M University

Matthias Kipping, Universitat Pompeu Fabra
The Evolution of Management Consulting in Japan: Towards an American Model?

Steven Tolliday, University of Leeds
Japan's Industrial Districts: A Neglected Story

Seiichiro Yonekura and Michael Lynskey, Institute of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University
The Development of the Japanese Video Game Industry

e. Global Electrification: International Finance, Multinational Enterprise, and Networks of Power
Chair: Wilfried Feldenkirchen, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
Comment: Mira Wilkins, Florida International University

Peter Hertner, University of Halle, and H. V. Nelles, York University
Financing the Global Spread of Electrification, 1892-1929
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

Jonathan Coopersmith, Texas A&M University
Pierre Lanthier, University of Quebec
Jonathan Schrag, Harvard University
Ken Jackson, University of Auckland
When Worlds Collide: Government and Electrification, 1892-1939
    [Abstract]     [Paper]

Harm Schröter, University of Bergen, and Luciano Segreto, University of Florence
Global Electrification in Depression and War, 1930-1945