Claire Dunning is a Ph.D. Candidate in History at Harvard University where she studies the social and political history of the United States in the twentieth century. Her dissertation on the role of nonprofit organizations in American cities between 1950-1990 addresses the persistence of poverty and inequality in the United States. This work traces how federal policy, private philanthropy, grassroots movements, and corporate investment gave rise to community-based nonprofit organizations that remade urban governance and reshaped urban neighborhoods. Claire holds an A.B. from Dartmouth College and previously worked in philanthropy.