Abstract: The Global Supply of Lighting in 1900

Leslie Hannah


The most important "modern" source of artificial light in 1900 was the kerosene lamp, most widely used in the United States. Paris and London—the best lit cities—favored gas, recently greatly stimulated by the efficiency of the Welsbach incandescent mantle. Electricity was comparatively unimportant for domestic lighting everywhere, but it was most used in cities where incompetent gas utility regulators made electrical development profitable.