Abstract: The German Connection: Merck and the Flow of Knowledge from Germany to the United States, 1880-1930

Jeffrey Sturchio and Louis Galambos


The pharmaceutical industry in Germany was very advanced in the second half of the nineteenth century, and it took advantage of this situation to export to the large, growing market in the United States. E. Merck of Darmstadt developed a distribution branch in America that eventually evolved into the large U.S. pharmaceutical firm Merck & Co., Inc. The authors chart the business and technical knowledge that flowed from Darmstadt to the United States and analyze the impact of World War I on those relationships. They suggest that E. Merck's strategy and culture as well as its technical/scientific knowledge helped build a foundation for Merck & Co., Inc.'s development as a leading American research-oriented company in the 1930s.

BEH On-Line Paper