Abstract: The Italian Cooperative Movement and Its Legal Environment, 1945-2010

Tito Menzani


In the second half of the twentieth century, Italian legislation dealt specifically with cooperative enterprises. At the political level and in the everyday sense, this was then interpreted as a favor to a movement that had actual links to the world of the parties. In this contribution, instead, we maintain that the legislation wanted to promote a type of entrepreneurship that guaranteed the return of a social nature, and especially that the various regulations had an effective and obvious impact. In particular, the legislation tended to encourage dimensional growth and the capitalization of cooperatives. We explain, therefore, the correlation existing between the various legislative interventions and a series of empirical data that confirm how the cooperative movement was influenced by the changes in the regulations.