Abstract: A Tariff to Dye For: The U.S. Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry and the Tariff of 1922

Kathryn Steen

Abstract

The Tariff of 1922 (Fordney-McCumber) became an integral part of U.S. policies to promote a domestic synthetic organic chemicals industry after World War I severed the supply of German dyes and related chemicals. Not only were the rates particularly high, even by standards of the isolationist age, but other provisions of the tariff aided the domestic industry through the information gathered about chemical imports as they came through customs. The leading trade association for the industry worked closely with customs officers to implement the law's new provisions in the way most advantageous to the industry.