Abstract: Tax Lobbying: The National Association of Beer Producers and the Negotiation of Taxes in Mexico, 1922-1930
Once the violence of the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920) subsided, industrialists had to adapt to the demands made by the new regimes. By the 1920s the federal government imposed new taxes on the beer industry, and brewers responded by organizing in 1922 the Asociación Nacional de Fabricantes de Cerveza (National Association of Beer Producers) to lobby the government against such duties. The goal of this paper is to shed some light on the political economy of tax design in Mexico and the importance of business organizations in shaping public policy. We explore how brewers organized their lobbying capacity and how the government responded to their propositions.