Abstract: Hockeyists, Horsemen, Pugilists, and Promoters: Interwar Sports Entrepreneurs in the United States and Canada

J. Andrew Ross


In the early twentieth century networks of entrepreneurs emerged in Canada and the United States to satisfy the growing audience of sports consumers by innovating new sports, further commercializing older ones, building arenas and stadiums, and forming new leagues and associations. This process culminated in the interwar era (1918-1939) when promotion circuits of regional, national, and transnational scope emerged based on arena networks, forming the basis for the sport "trade routes" of the modern day. Based in archival research, this paper explores the entrepreneurial connections between sports entrepreneurs in the era with a focus on selected entrepreneurs in ice hockey, horse racing, and boxing.